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Great Palace Mosaic Museum - A small museum, which is located on the site of the ancient Imperial Palace. Its construction was started by Emperor Constantine I. The complex consisted of seven palaces, residences, parks and gardens, terraces coming down to the Bosphorus. Only in the middle of the XX century archaeologists conducting excavations on the street next to the Blue Mosque, discovered mosaics that date back in part to the days of pagan Rome. Fragments of the mosaic (90 scenes and 150 figures of people and animals), probably decorated the floor of the hall of the palace and a covered portico gallery. Images made with the greatest arts of colored lime, terracotta and glass cubes, the number of which in the 1st quarter. m reaches 40,000. All images are made with exceptional skill and astonishingly varied and lively image.

 

Underground reservoir Binbirdirek - was built in the IV century on the orders of one of the members of the Senate Filoksenosa. The area occupied by the tank is about 3700 square meters. Capacity tank Binbirdirek is 325,000 cubic meters. The magnitude of this underground reservoir is second Yerebatan cisterns. It has 224 columns, each of the sixteen rows - 14 columns, each column height is 12 meters. Marble columns of the first tier hoops are fastened to the second tier. All the columns you can see the signatures of artists who created these props. Today it is a museum, which has recently been carried out restoration work. In the tank Binbirdirek hosts various cultural programs, concerts, exhibitions and receptions.

 

Church of the Saints Sergius and Bacchus, is a former Eastern Orthodox church dedicated to Saints Sergius and Bacchus in Constantinople, converted into a mosque during the Ottoman Empire. The construction of this Church of Saints Sergius and Bacchus, between 527 and 536 AD (only a short time before the erection of the Hagia Sophia between 532 and 537), was one of the first acts of the reign of Justinian I. Roman centurions Sergius and Bacchus, accepted Christianity, were subjected to severe torture for refusing to perform pagan rituals, and after death listed as a holy Christian martyrs. According to legend, Justinian owe them with his life, as Saints appeared in his uncle Justin I”s dream, and removed the false accusation of conspiracy and attempts to assassinate the Emperor from Justinian. The fact that the church of St. Sergius and Bacchus was a favorite of the imperial family evidenced by the fact that many of the capitals printed with Justinian and Theodora”s initials.

 

Pammakaristos Church, also known as the Church of Theotokos Pammakaristos - the most significant monument of art, in 1591 converted into a mosque and known as Fethiye Mosque and today partly a museum, is one of the most famous Byzantine churches in Istanbul, Turkey. The parekklesion, besides being one of the most important examples of Constantinople's Palaiologan architecture, has the largest amount of Byzantine mosaics in Istanbul after the Hagia Sophia and Chora Church. Outer facade of the building shows a typical example of late Byzantine architecture. According to most scholars, the church was built between the eleventh and the twelfth centuries. Many historians and archaeologists believe that the original structure of the church can be attributed to Michael VII Ducas (1071–1078), others put its foundation in the Comnenian period. It has also been suggested by the Swiss scholar and Byzantinist Ernest Mamboury that the original building was erected in the 8th century. Although the inner colored marble revetment largely disappeared, the shrine still contains the restored remains of a number of mosaic panels, which, while not as varied and well-preserved as those of the Chora Church, serve as another resource for understanding late Byzantine art.


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