Group tours to Turkey
In the footsteps of Alexander the Great
9 days / 8 nights
Istanbul - Troy - Gyure - Pergamum - Izmir - Selcuk - Ephesus - Kusadasi - Miletus - Didyma - Priene - Bodrum - Fethiye - Xanthos - Kekova - Demre - Phaselis - Antalya - Kutahya – Istanbul
"Сan not be in Asia two kings, as can not be two suns on the sky " - so had said Alexander the Great. He was and remains a legend. 33 years Alexander's life encompass the vast expanse from Egypt to India. And in modern Turkey he left a huge legacy of the Macedonian Empire.
Day 1. Arrival in Istanbul.
Day 2. Travel in the footsteps of the great king, conqueror, we begin with the city, which like a magnet attracted the mighty heroes for centuries and confronted them in grand battles. Ancient Troy. This city, which is associated not only with the beautiful Helen and the Trojan horse. Not far from Troy was a famous battle on the river Granicus. Victory the armies of Alexander the Macedonian over the Persians opened the way to the coast of the Aegean Sea. By traveling farther we will stay in town Gyure and will located in the hotel with thermal springs at the foot of the Kaz Mountains. The ancient name of mountains "Ida" repeatedly found in Homer's "Iliad". Many events of Greek mythology are associated with this place. In the vicinity were saved numerous ancient monuments. Hotel surrounded by olive groves. Unique pine forests of the National Park Kaz Mountains make the air around not only clean, but also curative. A medicinal herbs growing on the slopes, used for the treatment and prevention of many diseases, as well many of the plants used for food, as spices and ingredients of cosmetics.
Day 3. We will make a move in the ancient city of Pergamon. Worldwide it is known for the invention of parchment is a new material for writing . During excavations in the modern city of Bergama (now named ancient Pergamon) was found one of the first portraits Germ - head of Alexander, which is now stored in Istanbul. One of the main attractions is the acropolis of Pergamum. Grand complex of buildings is ideally built into the hilly terrain. Next city is Izmir or ancient Smyrna. History of the lovely town on the picturesque coast of the Aegean Sea has about 5000 years. And all this time the city did not stop his life. Kadifekale Fortress was built by Alexander the Great and was reconstructed many times and supplemented in the days of the Romans, Byzantines, Seljuk Turks and Ottomans. It preserved to this day in the form, which was built in the XV century. From the fortress opens grandiose view of Izmir and its surroundings. Following for the Alexander's army, we get to the famous Ephesus. This city is a cherished tourist destination and was witness events to many eras. Residents of ancient Ephesus met Alexander the Great as a liberator from power the Persians. Not far from Ephesus at a distance of about 7 km is Mount Bulbul (the ancient name was Koresos), there is a holy spring and House of the Virgin: it is here according to tradition the Virgin Mary lived during the persecution of Christians under the patronage of St. John the Evangelist. Not far from Ephesus there is one of the seven wonders of the world a temple of the goddess Artemis, near from the modern town of Selcuk. The magnificent temple of IV century BC was burnt down, rebuilt, destroyed again. In our time only one column was restored on the ancient foundation. Next we will go in Kusadasi. This city also got off from the power of the Persians and became part of the empire of Alexander the Great. Kusadasi will give you unforgettable pleasure of walking along the picturesque waterfront.
Day 4. The first on our way to Bodrum are ruins of the ancient city Priene. Alexander the Great sanctified temple of Pallas Athena in Priene himself. Next is another city Miletus with a long history, one of the few cities in the Aegean coast who resisted Alexander the Great, so that was partially destroyed by the troops of the commander, but carefully restored later. Originally from Miletus was the "father of philosophy" Thales of Miletus. Astronomy, physics, cosmology, theology - it's just part of the scientific fields of activity of Thales. His findings discoveries and theorems was confirmed by modern science, we still use to this day. Near the city of Miletus located Didim (ancient Didyma). Everywhere people had went with precious gifts to the temple of Apollo in Didim to the sacred oracle for predictions. Today this temple is one of the best preserved ancient buildings. And it is Bodrum. Now it is a popular resort Aegean. In ancient times it was called Halicarnassus. It shape is resembles an amphitheater. Also Bodrum is known as the birthplace of the historian Herodotus. About glorious history of Halicarnassus resembles little now. As a result of the long and bloody siege of Greek origin Persian warlord Memnon retreated, leaving empty city for Alexander, but without giving the acropolis. Halicarnassus was destroyed and the kingdom of the Persians Carian was joined to the mighty empire of Alexander the Great. But the great commander was unable to erase the glory of one of the seven wonders of the world the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. The word "mausoleum" appeared from this tomb of King Mausolus. Description grand structure found in the writings of many historians. Unfortunately the earthquake of the XIII century was ruthlessly to the miracle of the Ancient World. Today we can see only the ruins of the legendary mausoleum. Halicarnassus miracle can be called the Museum of Underwater Archaeology. In the ancient fortress of St. Peter placed incredible findings raised from sunken ships. The ships themselves also were the exhibits of the museum.
Day 5. On the way in Fethiye we will visit Caunos the ancient city of Lycians who known unusual rock graves. Next we will go to "Turkish Venice" Dalyan and to the picturesque lake Koycheiz. Dalyan is a popular place for European tourists: ancient ruins, amazing climate, beautiful landscapes attract there lovers of quiet relaxation. A local beach Iztuzu known as place where annually sea turtles Caretta lays millions of eggs . After lunch we will visit Pamukkale University hospital, where treated most of those sea turtles. After all the traveling and crossing the beauty of Fethiye and Oludeniz Beach is the perfect end of the day.
Day 6. On the way to the paradise island of Kekova we will visit ancient city of Xanthos, who was transferred from the hands of the Persians to Alexander the Great. This small town is packed with sights of the antique period. After dinner on the beach in the village Kaleuchagyz (ancient Teymussa), we'll take a boat trip along the coast of the island of Kekova. You will have great evening having the opportunity to see Ruins Teymussa and Kekova who partially was gone under the water, the beauty of nature, the purest azure water.
Day 7. In Antalya we will go through the ancient Mira city which was once the capital of Lycia. Bishop of Myra was Nicholas (Ugodnik). Today it is known worldwide as Santa Claus. You can visit the Church of St. Nicholas ther. The city preserved many ancient architectural constructions of times grandeur the ancient capital of Lycia. For discovering the ancient city and relaxing on the beach we will stop at Phaselis, once famous for roses and purple oil. Residents Phaselis met Alexander the Great with gold crown. Seventh day our traveling we stay in Antalya.
Day 8. Kutahya
Day 9. The final day of our traveling it is the road back to Istanbul through the city of Eskisehir. The name itself "old town" says about long history. Eskisehir stands out among other Turkish cities unique culture. And if you ask about this city Turk, he immediately says that it place where was born Khoja Nasreddin. Speaking of Alexander the Great be sure to mention that he was not a destroyer but he was a creator. Alexande have been multiplied knowledge gathered libraries and built the cities. Thanks to him every the street small town where he walked will remain in history forever.
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